Track: Operations Management
Normal magic square is a square composed of consecutive natural numbers starting at 1 and each number appears exactly once, and the number of elements in each row, column, and diagonal is the same. Examples of normal magic squares are Lo-Shu, Agrippa, Duhrer and Khajuraho magic squares. In Javanese tradition, a magic square is also found. The existence of this magic square is found in a book that collects Javanese knowledge, called primbon. The elements contained in the magic square in the primbon are written in Arabic numerals and Arabic characters (Hijaiyah). The numerical value of the magic square can be determined because each Arabic character is assigned a specific numeric value. This article discusses a variant of the magic square, which so far has only been found in the Javanese tradition.