4th North American International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management

Reasons Subak Concerving Irrigation Water Resources

Euis Dewi Yuliana, Putu Desiana Wulaning Ayu, Gede Angga Pradipta & Ahad Ali
Publisher: IEOM Society International
0 Paper Citations
Track: Sustainability

Subak as Bali traditional organization functions mainly in the distribution of irrigation water in paddy fields, have to reorganize the system of irrigation in rice fields (paddy). Distribution of irrigation water in paddy fields in Bali subak be reorganized back in tune with the amount of irrigation water decreased, without having implications for the reduction of rice production per unit area. Thus the traditional irrigation system in subak need to be reconstructed and adjusted for the increasingly limited availability of water, by applying a model of renewable in the irrigation system, but the optimum production and to avoid conflicts over water among farmers. In this context there is an interesting problem to be studied, as formulated in the following research questions. Reasons and motives related that provide the impetus for some of subak in Bali to conserve water resources. The approach used in this study is a qualitative research, with respect to the research, the emphasis is not on measurement but on a descriptive analysis of the viscous. The study was conducted in Subak Gunungsari, Jatiluwih village, and Subak Wangaya Betan, Mengesta village, Tabanan, Bali Province. Chosen Subak Gunungsari and Subak Wangaya Betan as a test site, not in spite of the uniqueness has happened to conserve water. There are several reasons why farmers of Subak Gunungsari and Subak Wangaya Betan, conserve water resources, among others (1) Water is an important factor in rice cultivation, without water it will not happen a life, no live no water so water is an essential component that must exist in a life. Similarly, in the agricultural sector can not be separated from the use of water to produce agricultural products, especially in rice cultivation. (2) Preservation of subak depends on the presence of water, because water is a material object that is managed by subak. Without water, the water control system does not exist, and without subak the system of rice fields in Bali as the rice will not be able to run optimally. (3) the longer the presence of water and declining water resources. (4) there is competition in water use between the domestic sector, tourism, animal husbandry, and agriculture it self.

Published in: 4th North American International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Toronto, Canada

Publisher: IEOM Society International
Date of Conference: October 25-27, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-5323-5950-7
ISSN/E-ISSN: 2169-8767