12th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management

Agricultural Mechanization in Indonesia and Comparison to Southeast Asia Countries

Adhyka Wijaya & Rahmat Nurcahyo
Publisher: IEOM Society International
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Track: Automation and Agility

Agricultural mechanization refers to the use of modern technologies to mechanize agricultural activities, greatly
increasing the efficiency of agricultural workers. In this age, modern technologies have replaced many agricultural
activities that were previously carried out by human or draft animal workers. Indonesia is a country with the largest
area in Southeast Asia, so it has the potential to optimize its agricultural sector. In 2019, Indonesia's agricultural land
area reached more than 15 million. This research wants to compare the status of mechanization level, government
policies, economic conditions of Indonesia with other countries in Southeast Asia. Data collection was gathered by
conducting literature reviews such as journals, references, and supporting libraries, and institutions. Mechanization
Level is the ratio between the amount of power (hp) of agriculture machinery with the area of agriculture. The
mechanization level from Indonesia grew from 1968 which was only 1.173 HP/ha to 1.68 in 2018. Indonesia's
mechanization level is indeed higher when compared to Vietnam, Cambodia, and the Philippines. However,
the mechanization level of Indonesia is still below Thailand and Malaysia, so there needs to be a strategy to improve
it. Through the procurement policy of 1 million agriculture machinery carried out by the Indonesian government, it
is expected to improve the quality of production in the agricultural sector. In addition, Indonesia needs to improve
management, improving the quality of the workforce and regulations related to agriculture.


Keywords
Level Mechanization, Agriculture, Mechanization Strategy, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

Published in: 12th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Istanbul, Turkey

Publisher: IEOM Society International
Date of Conference: March 7-10, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-7923-6131-9
ISSN/E-ISSN: 2169-8767