Track: Supply Chain Management
Businesses are adapting to build supply chain resilience to ensure long-term sustainability in response to globalization, rising climate, health, and poverty issues. The recent global health crisis has forced us to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals in the supply chain, especially Agriculture Supply Chain Management (ASCM), which is responsible for food production and distribution. Farmers have a function as producers but are frequently disadvantaged, and stakeholders often lack coordination. There is a paucity of knowledge regarding data transmitted between players and goods from the upstream to the downstream. The ASCM can consider employing blockchain technology (BT) to address these concerns. The ASCM anticipates that blockchain technology will enhance its operation and sustainability by maximizing value creation in each supply chain phase. This study aims to investigate the current state of Indonesia's ASCM, provide insight into the usage of blockchain, and propose a blockchain architectural model to enhance the value creation of ASCM in Indonesia. The researcher evaluates and assesses 15 publications, compares them to current situations, and recommends an improvement analysis for the future’s system. The final analysis reveals the proposed architectural model in ASCM using blockchain technology with Ethereum, and InterPlanetary File System that enables traceability, transparency, and great coordination among stakeholders. The possible created values mentioned are: Business process improvements; Improving customer experience; Data security; Learning – developing of new capabilities; Coordination; and Tokenization.