Track: Modeling and Simulation
This paper presents an analysis of structural transformation in Morocco and its contribution to productivity growth over the period 1990 to 2018 and highlights two major findings. The first is that there has been an increase in agricultural productivity that has been accompanied by a reallocation of labor to the service sector, particularly trade services. This situation reflects sectoral mobility between activities with low requirements in terms of specific skills, or what is called a structural transformation without industrialization. Moreover, it turns out that the main driver of labor productivity gains is intra-sectoral dynamics; indeed, the contribution of structural change to productivity growth accounts for only about a quarter of these productivity gains.
Employment, Morocco, productivity, structural change