5th European International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management

Enterprise Operations in a Three-Level Supply Chain Under Cap-and-Trade Regulation

Fatemeh Rezaei, Maximiliano Udenio & Linda L. Zhang
Publisher: IEOM Society International
0 Paper Citations
Track: Supply Chain Management

Many countries have implemented various policies to reduce carbon emissions. Among the policies available, cap-and-trade regulations have well been accepted as an effective market-based mechanism to curb carbon emissions. This policy offers the opportunity for firms to share the benefits of low-emission in a carbon trading market by selling and purchasing credits. In this paper, we focus on the cap-and-trade emission reduction policy. Specifically, we study an emission-dependent supply chain consisting of a manufacturer, a supplier and a retailer. In this supply chain, a cap on emission permits for the manufacturer is primarily imposed by the government and additional emissions must be purchased from the emission trading market if the permit needed is larger than the cap. We investigate the effects of the emission cap-and-trade on the supply chain members' decisions for decentralized and centralized supply chain using a Stackelberg game model. In the decentralized supply chain, a product's retail price is higher than in the centralized decision-making mode. Moreover, the price of extra emissions under the decentralized supply chain decrease as the carbon emissions cap increases. Our results show that in the centralized supply chain enterprises obtain higher benefits than in the decentralized supply chain. The outcome of this research can help i) policy-makers to make effective emission reduction policies and ii) manufacturers and retailers to make sustainable operations and supply chain decisions.


Cap-and-trade, Emission-dependent supply chain, Stackelberg game, decentralized supply chain, centralized supply chain

Published in: 5th European International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Rome, Italy

Publisher: IEOM Society International
Date of Conference: July 26-28, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-7923-9161-3
ISSN/E-ISSN: 2169-8767